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职称英语理工类高频考点词汇复习及答案技巧

2014/11/4 10:37:35    来源:考试界 【考试界:职称英语一站式备考网站】 0
为了帮助广大考生有效备考2015年全国职称英语理工类考试,本文整理了职称英语考试复习资料,希望对您系统掌握职称英语理工类考试的重点内容,顺利通过职称英语考试有所帮助。

  理工类高频考点词汇复习

  11.advise和advice

  advise"劝告”(动词);advice"劝告”(名词)。

  12affect和effect

  affect"影响”vt.,它的第二个意思是“假装”,Though she attectes indifference,I Knew She was really very upset

  effect n.“结果”,“效力”。vt.“产生”,“导致”,它比“to cause,t0 bring out'’更为正式。His aim was to effect a radical change in the party structure.本文来源:考试大网

  13.all ready和already

  all ready意思是"COBpletely prepared'’

  already'‘已经”。He had already had his hmeh.

  14.altogether和all together

  altogether(in total)“总共”,

  all together意思是“in a group'’。如:We put the sheep all together in one field.这两个词还可以分开。We put all the sheep together in one field.

  15.besides和beside

  besides意思是“in addition to”“加之,还有,另外”;而beside“在……旁边”,“在……一侧”。Duncan is the tall man standing beside my father.站在我爸爸旁边的高个子男子是邓肯。

  16.coherence和cohesion

  coherence"统一,一致性”;cohesion"结合力,团结”,The cohesion 0r molecules分子的结合力。,

  17.compare with和 compare to

  compare with'‘和……比起来”

  compare to"好比”。He compared the moon to a silver plate.他把月亮比成一个大银盘。

  18.impel和compel

  impel"推动,驱使,激励”。impel sb.t0 do sth.激励某人做某事;

  compel"强迫,胁迫,迫使”。compel sb.to oneg will强迫人服从自己。

  19.complement和compliment

  complement"补足(物),补全”,“补足语”。

  compliment"恭维话,赞辞,敬意”;Your presence is a great compliment.承蒙光临,不胜荣幸。

  20.continual和continuous

  continual"连续,继续”;“频繁的”;continual bouts 0f toothache一阵接一阵的牙痛。(这中间可能有停顿或间断。)

  continuous"连续”(指从不间断的);we've had three weeks 0f continuous rain.我们这里连续三周下雨不停。

  21.might和could

  might表明“possibility'’。

  could应该用来表明"permission".Mum said we could(might)g0 t0 the football match.

  22.council和counsel

  council"议事机构”,委员会a cabinet council内阁会议。

  counsel"商议,劝告”;follow sb.'s counsel close牢记某人忠告。

  23.economical和economic

  economic"经济学的,经济上的”an economic survey of Scotland苏格兰经济调查;an economic block.ade经济封锁;economical"节俭的,经济的”;He's had t0 learn to be more economical now that his only in.come is a small pension.

  24.historical和historic

  historical"有关历史的",“历史的”,the historical period历史阶段;historical personage历史人物。‘historic“历史上有名的,有历史意义的”,historic town历史名城。

  25.infer和imply

  infer"猜想,臆测”,“推断”;infer a motive from an effect从效果推知动机。

  imply“含有……的意思”;Do you realize what his words imply?你理解他说话的含意吗?I do not imply that you are wrong.我的意思不是说你错了。

  26.intense和intensive.

  intense“激烈的,强烈的”,“紧张的”an intense light强烈的灯光;intense heat酷热;an intense life奋发图强的生活。

  intensive“加强的,集中的”;“深入细致的,彻底的”;an intensive bombardment密集炮击;an inten—sive study彻底的研究;an intensive reading精读(opp.Extensive reading泛读)。

  27.apt和prone

  它们都具有“tending to 0r in the habit of¨的意思,但是prone只用于人。Elderly people are prone t0 falls,often because of arthritic joints or dizziness.

  28.100se和lose

  loose"松的,宽的”。

  lose"丢失”;lose oneg balance失去平衡,跌倒;lose oneg head被搞糊涂。

  29.magical和magic

  它们都和magic有关系,但是magical也有"wonderful,entrancing'’的意思。

  30.masterly和masterful

  masterly(showing great skill or the skill 0f a master)“熟练的;名家的”。

  Masterful(showing power or authority)“主人派头的,专横的”;Youi'e so strong and masterful.

  职称英语考试:理工类C级模拟套题三(3)

  三、概括大意

  Ford

  1 Ford’s great strength was the manufacturing process--not invention.Long before he started a car company,he was a worker, known for picking up pieces of metal and wire and turning them into machines.He started putting cars together in 1 89 1, although it was by no means the first popular automobile,the Model T showed the world just how creative Ford was at combining technology and market.

  2 The company’s assembly line alone threw America’s Industrial Revolution into overdrive (高速运转).Instead of having workers put together the entire car, Ford’s friends,who were great toolmakers from Scotland,organized teams that added parts to each Model T as it moved down a line.By the time Ford’s Highland Park plant was humming(嗡嗡作响)along in 1914,the world’s first automatic conveyor belt could turn out a car every 93 minutes.

  3 The same year Henry Ford shocked the world with t11e$5-a day minimum Wage scheme.The greatest contribution he had ever made.The average Wage in the auto industry then was$2.34 for a 9-hour shift.Ford not only doubled that.he also took an hour off the workday.In those years it was unthinkable that a man could be paid that much for doing something that didn’t involve an awful lot of training or education.The Wall Street Journal called the plan “an economic crime”. And critics everywhere laughed at Ford.

  4 But as the wage increased later to daily$10,it proved a critical component of Ford’s dream to make the automobile accessible(可及的)to a11 The critics were too stupid to understand that because Ford had lowered his costs per car,the higher wages didn’t matter--except for making it possible for more people to buy cars.

  23 paragraph 1

  24 paragraph 2

  25 paragraph 3

  26 paragraph 4

  A Ford’s Followers

  B The Assembly Line

  C Ford’s Great Dream

  D The Establishment of the Company

  E Ford’s Biggest Contribution

  F Ford’s Great Talent

  27 The assembly line made it possible to

  28 Ford was the first to adopt

  29 Higher wages enabled many people to

  30 Ford’s higher-wage and lower-cost strategy was strongly

  A criticized by the media

  B the low wage in the auto industry

  C own a car

  D Produce cars in large numbers

  E the 8-hour-shift practice

  F combined technology and market

  参考答案:

  23.F 24.B 25.E 26.C 27.D 28.E 29.C 30.A

  六、完型填空

  Where Have All Our Visitors Gone?

  Sixty years ago, a man named Kenneth Arnold saw something that people are still __1__ today -something that changed popular culture for ever.

  Flying his plane over mountains in the US state of Washington, he saw a line of strange objects, either crescent -shaped or disc-like, flying __2__ the motion of a saucer skimming on water.

  The media soon picked up on the story-the Flying Saucers were here1! Was the earth being. __3__ by creatures from another planet? Soon, so many sightings were made that the us military began to __4__. It called these strange objects UFO2s -Unidentified Flying Objects, and that is how they are __5__ today.

  Military investigations found no evidence of visitors from outer space. But that did not stop the true __6__, The military were __7__ up, they said. Or __8__ it was because the travelers from space were of such superior intelligence that they could hide from the most sophisticated military analysts.

  People have always seen strange lights in the sky. In the past these were explained in__9__ ways. In a world where religion was less influential and science fiction was popular, signs from god were replaced by visitors from other __10__.

  The date of the first UFO signings was also significant. In 1947, World War II had just ended and the __11__ war was just beginning. Humanity seemed locked in endless conflicts. Like generations before them, people looked __12__ the skies for help. But instead of seeking God, they looked for help from super-intelligent aliens with __13__ technology. Belief in UFOs became the first religion of science.

  However, even people who believe in UFOs are not quite sure why they visit the earth. The universe is a big place and it is __14__ to assume that there is life somewhere out there. It is possible that aliens have worked out how to travel through space. Yet some people report that they have been taken by aliens and have had experiments __15__ on them. Why would anyone travel across half the universe to conduct medical experiments on people living in small towns in the United States?

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